Academic LiteraciesInformation LiteracyReading SkillsWriting SkillsTaxonomies
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Last Updated: Nov 30, 2016 URL: Print Guide Email Alerts

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The following taxonomies can be useful to apply when framing process-related learning outcomes, including those relevant to academic literacies:

Bloom's Taxonomy
This resource, developed by the Center for Teaching at Vanderbilt University, provides a nice overview of the history and development of Bloom's Taxonomy including the original taxonomy, the revised taxonomy, and reasons for using this taxonomy in ones teaching practice.

Revised Bloom's Taxonomy
This resource, developed at Iowa State University, is an interactive visual representation of Bloom's Taxonomy, allowing the user to see examples of learning objectives that match each of the various combinations of the cognitive process and knowledge dimensions.

Bloom's Digital Taxonomy
This resource is described as offering an update to Bloom's Revised Taxonomy which attempts to account for the new behaviours and actions emerging as a result of technological advances including Web 2.0, personal technologies, and cloud computing. This digital taxonomy lends itself to project- and problem-based learning.

Bigg's Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO) Taxonomy
This five page guide, developed by the Teaching and Educational Development Institute at the University of Queensland, Australia, provides an overview of the taxonomy, and gives example of difference performances and various assessment tasks related to different SOLO levels. 

Biggs, J.B., and Collis, K.F. (1982). Evauluating the Quality of Learning: The SOLO Taxonomy. New York: Academic Press.


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Subject librarians are available to advise course instructors on effective pedagogical approaches for developing students’ critical thinking about information and the information-seeking process, including the ability to find, retrieve, evaluate, analyze, use and cite information. They are also available to provide tailored course-specific information literacy sessions on request.

See Instructional Design Consultation, Book a Library Class

Writing Department: York instructors can direct students to the Writing Centre (a division within the Writing Department) for help with academic writing. Assistance is available through appointments with writing tutors,  small-group workshops, or online writing help (e-Tutor). In addition to offering credit courses, the Writing Department can be contacted by York instructors wishing to organize a tailored course-related writing-focussed session.

Learning Skills Services staff is available to consult with faculty, T.A.'s, staff or student groups about Learning Skills. On a limited first-come, first-served basis,  a Learning Skills Specialist can visit individual classes or other campus events to provide sessions on academic skills. For more information, contact them at 416-736-5297.


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